Narinder Singh Kapany
Without him, these were not possible 1. Internet 2. Laser Surgeries 3. High-Speed Communication
He is known as founding fathers of Fibre Optics. He even coined the term Fibre Optics. Born in 1927 in Moga (Punjab, India), he graduated from Agra University and did his Ph.D. from Imperial College, London. There for the first time in the world, he demonstrated that light can travel in bent glass fibers.
His research paper entitled 'A Flexible Fiberscope, using Static Scanning’ published in scientific journal Nature in its Jan2,1954 issue, paved the way for instruments such as endoscopes and laser probes. He has published over 100 scientific papers and four books on option electronics.
He wrote a highly popular article on Fibre Optics in Scientific American in 1960 whereby he coined the term Fibre Optics. Even today this article constitutes a reference point for the subject.
In November 1999, Fortune Magazine published profiles of seven people who have greatly influenced life in the Twentieth Century but are unsung heroes. Narinder was one of them.
In 2009, whole Scientific Community was in a shock when Nobel Prize for Physics went to Charles Kao for the discovery of the Fibre Optics. Though Kao has done great work in this field, but his work was only based on the groundbreaking research undertaken by Narinder Singh Kapany.